The methodology that Scrum proposes for the management of business projects is based on partial deliveries prioritized according to the benefit that it is going to report to the client or the company.
For organizations, project management is at the same time one of the most complex and important processes for the unity of your business. It is not just about dedicating more economic resources but to acquire the necessary knowledge, make a correct optimization of the time spent and have a management and coordination of our work teams. Without a good planning of time or tasks, the management of tasks ends up consuming too many resources, and what is even worse, wasting our time and the rest of the people that make up our team, causing even lack of motivation and involvement in the workforce of work.
How was the SCRUM methodology born?
In the 1980s, to make project management more agile and adaptable to changes in the environment, the SCRUM methodology was developed in Japan with the aim of obtaining better results and flexibility never seen before. The result was so positive that SCRUM is still being used as a basis for managing projects with a high success rate. The main advantages that we can obtain from applying the SCRUM method in our organization are: • Increases in productivity: thanks to the high motivation of people to be able to organize independently with the passage of time and experience gained. • High flexibility: it has high adaptability to changes in the environment and possible variations by the client or the organization. • Great predictive power: knowing the average times per project, it is easy to predict when it may be finished and under what conditions. • Reduction of risks : in the first contact, possible problems that may arise during the project are detailed, and in this way, there is a high reaction capacity in case of occurrence.
What is the management of projects with SCRUM?
The SCRUM model is highly recommended in projects that require a certain speed and flexibility. SCRUM offers agility in project management always providing a minimum of demonstrable value for the organization; It will always start with what gives you the greatest benefit.
Everything starts with what is known as product requirements or Product backlog , which summarizes the tasks, functions, and objectives pursued by the project. Once we have listed all the requirements will be divided into partial deliveries that will be ordered and prioritized according to the importance or value that it gives to the client or organization. Each partial delivery is internally known as Sprint, and they have a start date and an end date. The approximate duration of these Sprints is usually between three and four weeks, intending to deliver something that works and that can be improved over time and the experience acquired by people. It is about evolving and improving continuously until reaching excellence. Finally, we have the Sprint Backlog as a summary with the hours that will be dedicated, who will do them and at what cost. In this way, predictions are made, and possible deviations are calculated that may arise.
The most important roles
- Product Owner: is the leader or leader of the project as well as the person in charge of ensuring the correct functioning of the processes and the people involved. He is solely responsible for adding tasks to the Product backlog, ordering and organizing them.
- ScrumMaster: is responsible for leading the development team or ScrumMaster, that is, those employees involved in the project. Its main function is to eliminate barriers and obstacles that prevent the team from working the final objectives. The ScrumMaster makes sure that the SCRUM process is used properly and that it makes the rules comply.
- Development team: are the people in charge of creating and delivering the product. It is usually a group of three to twelve people who have the necessary knowledge to carry out the project in all its phases.
- Stakeholders: these are profiles that are interested in the project and that make it possible (customers, suppliers, vendors, etc.) as it will bring them a direct benefit associated with the positive achievement of it.Although they do not participate directly in the project itself, they do so during the reviews of the so-called Sprint.