Insights of Perception vs Reality

Darryl Bachmeier
Aug 9, 2019
Mind


Whether it is the business world, the political arena, or marriages, there is always disagreement or conflict: “Perception is the truth.” This proverb is often used to justify an opinion that is not objectively justified or unrelated to reality. It is used as a catalyst to win over others in accepting one’s preferred reality. At the most philosophical level, this proverb creates a sense of relativity (think thinly) in absolute contexts (think the world is flat).

The relevance of feeling in our daily lives has always been a topic of debate, with one percent arguing that this is about 30% of what we consider our reality. In contrast, others seem to be more comfortable with figures above 50. Ultimately, it all depends on the individual, collective knowledge, facts and experiences, all of which have a creative influence on the mind, the ability to perceive its reality.

Stages of Perception vs Reality

Our brain does not record what we see

Our brain interprets it according to our beliefs and desires. We do not know to what extent or when this occurs. We always see what we want to see and are taught to see. Our brain storytellers: They translate logs into a language they already understand, and then weave a story that we can understand. Often, these descriptions reflect reality. But not always. What we consider to be true depends entirely on the beliefs we hold. We are often deceived by the stories we want to embrace.

Our brain evolved to connect dots into understandable shapes

The world we experience is nothing more than constructing the “reality” we have built up in our minds. We are hard workers (i.e., dependents) to seek evidence that confirms rather than denigrating our beliefs. The brain deals with ambiguity by using the most familiar and convenient ones. It selects “known” and explains why it does not exist. Sometimes called indirect prejudices, these tendencies are the gateways to our minds: they allow any evidence, and we choose to ignore it.

Inattentive blindness in many dependencies that distort our sense of reality

Seeing only what we focus on is not all that is in front of us at this time. We see a part of what is out there, and we do it in a very selective way. The naive realism is the idea that what we see is real. Motivation is rationality because in our intelligence we are higher than average so we should always be right. The more intelligent people are, the better at protecting what they think. (Anyone who argues that their beliefs are right, others should be wrong, is asking for fair discussion and criticism.)

When the information we receive is vague or contrary to our beliefs

Usually, we act emotionally on what we want to be real. We make assumptions based on what we do not know, but not on what we do not know. Many psychologists have documented how current events make different people feel differently depending on their predictions and beliefs. Nearly half of North Americans today say they believe in science only when it aligns with their current beliefs. We always find the ways to justify what we already know.

We like to think that we find and evaluate

We evaluate the evidence and then use the reason for coming to a conclusion. This is not how the brain works. It does not carefully process all the information that is bombarded every day. The world is a turbulent, uncertain and complex place; Hence the need for explanation and the cause of our illusions. We filter the data of our experiences through the lens of our values, prejudices, and theories. Beliefs come; first, explanations (or rationalities) follow.

Vision is the most complex system

The path from eye to mind is long. Each eye has two optic nerves, one for each half of the brain. The eye travels at a speed of about 30 meters per second to the visual cortex at the back of the brain. There are visual recordings are compressed by ten factors and then sent to the striatum located in the center of the brain, which further filters the information by 300 factors.

Even if we want to think that, we see what is in front of us

Only a third of the cognitive area of ​​the brain that retina takes is true. At any point, it adds prior knowledge, makes assumptions, subtracts what is considered trivial, and ensures synchronization and synchronicity with existing beliefs. This process of emotional inputs determines what we know and what we do not. In other words, we perceive according to our thinking, not what it really is.

Knowing that opinion is not reality

We may be wrong in our opinions - is the essence of intellectual humility and empathy. It is not about doubting or denying everything that comes through our senses; If we do not decide what to believe, then graciously accept how our bias affects us. So, what we see is not reality; we like to think of it.

Here are some tips to remember:

  • Do not consider your feelings as reality (your truth)
  • Do respect the opinions of others (they may be right)
  • Do not hold your opinions too tightly; They may be wrong (it takes courage to admit)
  • Identify the distortions between you that may trigger your ideas (seeing them will really sustain your ideas more than any other way)
  • Challenge your ideas (do they stand under the microscope of reality?)
  • Seek verification from experts and others you trust (do not ask your friends if they have feelings like yours)
  • Be prepared to change your mind if the prototype of the evidence demands it (stiffness of mind is worse than being wrong)

Bottom lines

The challenges we face with our personal thinking and others’ thinking is how to ensure that emotions are close to reality. We need this alignment to live in the real world, find consensus with others, and maintain the individual, governmental, and social structures necessary for life.

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